Obstetrics is a medical specialty dealing with the fields of birth and related issues and Gynecology deals with diseases particular to women. OB is a commonly used abbreviation for obstetrics and GYN is the abbreviation for gynecology or for a gynecologist, a practitioner who specializes in treating diseases of the female reproductive organs. On the other hand, OB/GYN is short for obstetrician/gynecologist, a doctor who both delivers babies and diagnosis and treats diseases related to the female reproductive organs.
An obstetrician is a physician who specializes in the surgical care of women and their children during pregnancy, childbirth, pueperium and post-natal care. They also perform regular ultrasounds during pregnancy to determine the health of the fetus, identify any complications and know the gestational period of the fetus. Identify if there are any high risk factors in women during pregnancy, delivery and later.
A gynecologist is a physician who specializes in the medical care of women and in health of the female reproductive system. They also deal with pap smear, infections of vaginal and uterine origin, fertility problems, contraception, tubal ligations and hysterectomy.
Generally, the education and training for obstetrics and gynecology occurs concurrently. Therefore, an obstetrician/gynecologist is a physician who specializes in providing both medical and surgical care to women. They have particular expertise in pregnancy, childbirth and reproductive system disorders. This encompasses preventive care, treatment, prenatal care, pap test screening, detection of sexually transmitted diseases, and family planning.
An obstetrician/gynecologist can serve as primary physicians and also often serve as consultants to other physicians. They usually choose to specialize in the following areas:
In the field of obstetrics and gynecology there are some major recognized subspecialties. The same are as follows-
Other obstetrics and gynecology subspecialty includes pediatric gynecology, adolescent gynecology, advanced laparoscopic surgery, and menopausal and geriatric gynecology.
Patient-focused Gynecologist with dedication to patient education and quality care. Builds rapport with patients to foster trusting and effective care environment. Well-versed in maintaining detailed medical records to facilitate care plan development.Compassionate with hospital and private practice experience. Adept at closely monitoring patient vitals and comfort levels throughout various procedures. Committed to thorough patient education and creating innovative and effective treatment plans.